World Bank

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Browse World Development Reports by title and year. Click a title to go to that report. Click 'more' for a summary of report content.

Development Economics through the Decades : A Critical Look at Thirty Years of the World Development Report

Since 1978, the World Bank’s annual World Development Report (WDR) has provided in-depth analysis and policy recommendations on a specific and important aspect of international de....
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WDR 2014 : Risk and Opportunity—Managing Risk for Development

The past 25 years have witnessed unprecedented changes around the world—many of them for the better. Across the continents, many countries have embarked on a path of international integrat....
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WDR 2013 : Jobs

Jobs provide higher earnings and better benefits as countries grow, but they are also a driver of development. Poverty falls as people work their way out of hardship and as jobs empowering women....
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WDR 2012 : Gender Equality and Development

The lives of women around the world have improved dramatically, at a pace and scope difficult to imagine even 25 years ago. Women have made unprecedented gains in rights, education, health, and ....
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WDR 2011 : Conflict, Security, and Development

With more than 1.5 billion people living in countries affected by conflict, the World Development Report 2011 (WDR) looks into the changing nature of violence in the 21st century. Interstate and....
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WDR 2010 : Development and Climate Change

Today’s enormous development challenges are complicated by the reality of climate change—the two are inextricably linked and together demand immediate attention. Climate ch....
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WDR 2009 : Reshaping Economic Geography

Places do well when they promote transformations along the dimensions of economic geography: higher densities as cities grow; shorter distances as workers and businesses migrate closer t....
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WDR 2008 : Agriculture for Development

The world’s demand for food is expected to double within the next 50 years, while the natural resources that sustain agriculture will become increasingly scarce, degraded, and vul....
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WDR 2007 : Development and the Next Generation

The theme of the World Development Report (WDR) 2007 is youth, aged 12 to 24. It focuses on decisions concerning the five phases with the biggest long-term impact on how human capital is....
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WDR 2006 : Equity and Development

Inequality of opportunity, both within and among nations, sustains extreme deprivation, results in wasted human potential and often weakens prospects for overall prosperity and economic ....
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WDR 2005 : A Better Investment Climate for Everyone

The WDR 2005 focuses on investment climate, and concludes that accelerating growth and poverty reduction required governments to reduce the policy risks, costs, and barriers to competiti....
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WDR 2004 : Making Services Work for Poor People

The WDR 2004 warns that broad improvements in human welfare would not occur unless poor people receive wider access to affordable and improved services in health, education, water, sanit....
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WDR 2003 : Sustainable Development in a Dynamic World: Transforming Institutions, Growth, and Quality of Life

The report examines the relationship between competing policy objectives – reducing poverty, maintaining growth, improving social cohesion, and protecting the environment –....
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WDR 2002 : Building Institutions for Markets

The report moves towards a deeper understanding of market-supporting institutions and a better appreciation of how people could build such institutions. It presents four main lessons: de....
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WDR 2000/2001 : Attacking Poverty

At the start of a new century, poverty remains a global problem of huge proportions. The report argues nevertheless that major reductions in all the dimensions of poverty are indeed poss....
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WDR 1999/2000 : Entering the 21st Century: The Changing Development Landscape

The report states that localization – the growing economic and political power of cities, provinces, and other sub-national entities – will be one of the most important new....
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WDR 1998/99 : Knowledge for Development

The report analyzes the risks and opportunities that the global information revolution is creating for developing countries, and concludes that access to financial, technical, and medica....
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WDR 1997 : The State in a Changing World

The report is devoted to the role and effectiveness of the state: what it should do, how it should do it, and how it can improve in a rapidly changing world. Governments with both centra....
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WDR 1996 : From Plan to Market

This World Development Report examines the transition of countries with alternative systems of centrally planned economies back to a market orientation. These countries seceded from....
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WDR 1995 : Workers in an Integrating World

This eighteenth annual report assesses what a more market-driven and integrated world means for workers. It asks which development strategies best address workers’ needs, and....
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WDR 1994 : Infrastructure for Development

World Development Report 1994 examines the link between infrastructure and development and explores ways in which developing countries can improve both the provision and the quality....
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WDR 1993 : Investing in Health

This report examines the interplay between human health, health policy and economic development. Because good health increases the economic productivity of individuals and the economic g....
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WDR 1992 : Development and the Environment

The World Development Report 1992 explores the links between economic development and the environment. The 1990 report on poverty, 1991 report on development strategies, and this report c....
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WDR 1991 : The Challenge of Development

This report synthesizes and interprets the lessons of more than forty years of development experience. Together with last year’s report on poverty and next year’s on t....
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WDR 1990 : Poverty

This report is about the poor. It is thus about the fundamental issue in economic development: the eradication of poverty from the world. The report defines poverty in broad terms, ....
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WDR 1989 : Financial Systems and Development

Economic growth rates among the developing countries have varied considerably. The external environment has had an adverse impact on growth, but domestic policies have been more importan....
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WDR 1988 : Public Finance in Development

Part I reviews recent trends in the world economy and their implications for the future prospects of developing countries. Part II examines the role of public finance in devel....
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WDR 1987 : Industrialization and Foreign Trade

Part I reviews recent trends in the world economy and their implications for the future prospects of developing countries. It stresses that better economic performance is poss....
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WDR 1986 : Trade and Pricing Policies in World Agriculture

The world economy is entering its fourth year of growth since the recession of 1982. Yet the recovery is hesitant with many developing countries facing serious problems of adjustmen....
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WDR 1985 : International Capital and Economic Development

This report focuses on the contribution that international capital makes to economic development. While the report pays close attention to the events of the recent past, it also pla....
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WDR 1984 : Population Change and Development

Long-term needs and sustained effort are underlying themes in this report. The first part looks at economic performance, past and prospective. Th....
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WDR 1983 : Management in Development

This report reviews trends in the international economy and their implications for the developing countries with a special focus on the management and institutional aspects of devel....
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WDR 1982 : Agriculture and Economic Development

This report reviews development prospects in the international economy and supplements the extensive discussion of adjustment issues in the 1981 WDR. It finds that, although interna....
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WDR 1981 : National and International Adjustment

Adjustment, global and national, to promote sustainable growth in the changing world economy is the main theme of this report. Recession and inflation in the industrial countries, togeth....
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WDR 1980 : Poverty and Human Development

Developing countries start the decade facing two major challenges: to continue the social and economic progress of the past 30 years in an international climate that looks less helpful; ....
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WDR 1979 : Structural Change and Development Policy

Structural transformation is particularly important for middle income countries. In dealing with the appropriate policies to be associated with structural changes, this report analyzes t....
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WDR 1978 : Prospects for Growth and Alleviation of Poverty

This first report deals with some of the major development issues confronting the developing countries and explores the relationship of the major trends in the international economy to t....
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