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Income Levels

World Map

The World Bank classifies economies as low-income, middle-income (subdivided into lower-middle and upper-middle), or high-income based on gross national income (GNI) per capita. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The term does not imply that all economies in this group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development.

 

The economies below are divided according to 2011 GNI per capita, which is calculated using the World Bank Atlas Method.


Each year on July 1, the World Bank revises the classification of world economies. As of 1 July 2013, the World Bank income classifications by GNI per capita are as follows:

Bold indicates a change of classification.

Low-income economies ($1,035 or less): 36

  • Afghanistan
  • Bangladesh
  • Benin
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Comoros
  • Congo, Dem. Rep.
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Gambia, The
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bisau
  • Haiti
  • Kenya
  • Korea, Dem Rep.
  • Kyrgyz Republic
  • Liberia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Nepal
  • Niger
  • Rwanda
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somalia
  • South sudan
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Togo
  • Uganda
  • Zimbabwe
 

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Lower-middle-income economies ($1,036 to $4,085): 48

  • Armenia
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Cameroon
  • Cape Verde
  • Congo, Rep.
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Djibouti
  • Egypt, Arab Rep.
  • El Salvador
  • Georgia
  • Ghana
  • Guatemala
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Kiribati
  • Kosovo
  • Lao PDR
  • Lesotho
  • Mauritania
  • Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
  • Moldova
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Nicaragua
  • Nigeria
  • Pakistan
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Philippines
  • Samoa
  • São Tomé and Principe
  • Senegal
  • Solomon Islands
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Swaziland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Timor-Leste
  • Ukraine
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Vietnam
  • West Bank and Gaza
  • Yemen, Rep.
  • Zambia
 

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Upper-middle-income economies ($4,086 to $12,615): 55

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • American Samoa
  • Angola
  • Argentina
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Belize
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Fiji
  • Gabon
  • Grenada
  • Hungry
  • Iran, Islamic Rep.
  • Iraq
  • Jamaica
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Lebanon
  • Libya
  • Macedonia, FYR
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Montenegro
  • Namibia
  • Palau
  • Panama
  • Peru
  • Romania
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • South Africa
  • St. Lucia
  • St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Suriname
  • Thailand
  • Tonga
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Tuvalu
  • Venezuela, RB
 

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High-income economies ($12,616 or more): 75

  • Andorra
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Bahamas, The
  • Bahrain
  • Barbados
  • Belgium
  • Bermuda
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Canada
  • Cayman Islands
  • Channel Islands
  • Chile
  • Croatia
  • Curaçao
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Estonia
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Finland
  • France
  • French Polynesia
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Guam
  • Hong Kong SAR, China
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Korea, Rep.
  • Kuwait
  • Latvia
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao SAR, China
  • Malta
  • Monaco
  • Netherlands
  • New Caledonia
  • New Zealand
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Russian Federation
  • San Marino
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Singapore
  • Sint Maarten
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • St. Kitts and Nevis
  • St. Martin
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Virgin Islands (U.S.)
 

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